Gov. Mike Dunleavy, after signing the bill on state recognition of tribes, holds up the legislation at at July 28 ceremony at the Alaska Native Heritage Center. Standing with him are Rep. Tiffany Zulkosky, sponsor of the bill, and Sen. Gary Stevens, sponsor of a tribal education bill that Dunleavy also signed at the ceremony. In front of them are works of art from the Alaska Native Heritage Center’s collection that represent different regions of the state. (Photo by Yereth Rosen/Alaska Beacon)
Alaska Gov. Mike Dunleavy on Thursday signed legislation that requires the State of Alaska to formally recognize its 229 federally recognized Native tribes.
Though the bill does not significantly change the relationship between the state and the sovereign tribal governments within its borders, Rep. Tiffany Zulkosky, D-Bethel, said the measure is an “important first step toward healing and recognizing our past.”
The State of Alaska has historically opposed tribes’ efforts to exert sovereignty, denying their existence, Zulkosky said.
But in recent years, the state has begun relying on tribes to provide a variety of services, including public safety and education, in rural Alaska.
“How can the state talk about expanding relationships with tribes when it has never taken the most fundamental, basic step by recognizing them in our legal code?” Zulkosky said.
Dunleavy called the bill a “significant milestone” and “a good day for all of us.”
After signing the recognition bill, he signed a separate piece of legislation that creates a tribal-state education compact that may encourage the growth of tribally operated schools.
“This is a historic opportunity to embrace our unique Alaska Native heritages, providing a means for local tribal governments to determine their own path for educating young Alaskans,” said Sen. Gary Stevens, R-Kodiak and the sponsor of the bill. “I’m proud to have contributed to and be a part of this historic occasion.”
Both bills were signed in an enthusiastic ceremony at the Alaska Native Heritage Center in Anchorage. Tribal leaders, legislators and Alaska Native corporation leaders were on hand and praised both bills, which passed the House and Senate earlier this year by wide margins.
“The cultural survival of our Indigenous people is dependent on our ability to maintain our values, practice our traditions, and maintain freedom to live our lives well with dignity and respect for each other,” said Julie Kitka, president of the Alaska Federation of Natives. “We have strengthened our tribal governments and have initiated multiple efforts to continue our path to self-determination and self-governance. The formal recognition through this legislation is an historic step for us to have a successful relationship with the state.”
Shortly after the governor signed the tribal-recognition bill, Lt. Gov. Kevin Meyer issued a formal statement saying that a tribal-recognition ballot measure will be removed from this fall’s general-election ballot.
Alaska’s constitution allows the cancelation of a ballot measure if the Legislature passes a substantially similar bill.
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